Reports & Testimonies

GAO’s reports and testimonies give Congress, federal agencies, and the public timely, fact-based, non-partisan information that can improve government operations and save taxpayers billions of dollars.

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101 - 120 of 57303 Reports

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Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Department of Defense

GAO-23-105914
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As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The Department of Defense's FY22 appropriations included $1.29 billion for 87 of...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for U.S. Department of Agriculture

GAO-23-105913
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As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's FY22 appropriations designated $405.2 million for 287...

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Technology Business Management: OMB and GSA Need to Strengthen Efforts to Lead Federal Adoption

GAO-22-104393
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In 2017, the government began implementing the Technology Business Management framework to help federal agencies better manage their IT resources. This framework includes a standard set of categories that agencies are required to use in their annual IT budget requests. These categories group related IT expenses together, which could provide greater insight into the costs and values of IT resources. It could also enable government-wide...

Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Benefits and Challenges of Machine Learning Technologies for Medical Diagnostics

GAO-22-104629
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Each year, medical diagnosis errors affect the health of millions of Americans and cost billions of dollars. Machine learning technologies can help identify hidden or complex patterns in diagnostic data to detect diseases earlier and improve treatments. We identified such technologies in use and development, including some that improve their own accuracy by learning from new data. But developing and adopting these technologies has challenges...

VA Acquisition Management: Actions Needed to Better Manage the Acquisition Workforce

GAO-22-105031
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VA spends billions of dollars each year to acquire goods and services that support its mission. VA's acquisition management is on GAO's High Risk list in part due to issues in managing its acquisition workforce. In our survey of VA's acquisition workforce, employees raised concerns about performance expectations and other issues. We found that VA leadership doesn't have complete data on its acquisition workforce—like its...

Large Constellations of Satellites: Mitigating Environmental and Other Effects

GAO-22-105166
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For decades, satellites have been used for GPS, communications, and remote sensing. The number of satellites has recently increased, as thousands more have been launched to provide internet access. But this increase may be disruptive. For example, it could lead to more space debris, which can damage existing satellites used for commerce or national security. We reviewed technologies and other tools to lessen potential effects...

Cybersecurity Workforce: Actions Needed to Improve Cybercorps Scholarship for Service Program

GAO-22-106146
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The CyberCorps Scholarship for Service Program—managed by the National Science Foundation, Office of Personnel Management, and Department of Homeland Security—requires recipients to work in government jobs for a period of time after graduation. We found: NSF and OPM fully complied with 13 legal requirements for managing the program and partially complied with 6 NSF hasn't implemented a strategy to effectively manage risks and challenges, such...

Federal Research: Information on Funding for U.S.-China Research Collaboration and Other International Activities

GAO-22-105313
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The U.S. government sometimes supports international research collaborations by providing funding to foreign entities—such as universities and public health organizations. This also gives U.S. researchers access to global scientific resources. From FY 2015 to 2021, federal agencies provided $28.9 million directly to Chinese entities for research and development activities. For example, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and National Institutes of Health awarded funds...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Department of Labor

GAO-22-105901
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As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The Department of Labor's FY22 appropriations included $137.6 million for 173 of...

Climate Change: Oversight of Federal Greenhouse Gas Emissions Reduction Efforts

GAO-22-106062
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Each year the federal government reports spending billions of dollars on activities related to reducing emissions of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide. These activities include investments in energy efficiency and technologies to capture carbon dioxide before it enters the atmosphere. The Inflation Reduction Act of 2022 provided additional billions of dollars in funding and tax credits for such efforts. We drew from previous reports...

Nuclear Waste: DOE Needs to Improve Transparency in Planning for Disposal of Certain Low-Level Waste

GAO-22-105636
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The Department of Energy is responsible for disposing of certain low-level nuclear waste from medical equipment, metals in nuclear reactors, and cleanup sites. The Energy Policy Act of 2005 required DOE to assess the potential environmental effects of various disposal options. No legal options currently exist. DOE's assessments were extensive but didn't give rationales for preferring certain disposal options. They also weren't clear on the...

Decarbonization: Status, Challenges, and Policy Options for Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage

GAO-22-105274
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Technologies that capture, use, and store carbon can help address climate change. These technologies capture CO2 at sources like industrial facilities or remove it from the atmosphere, then either store it underground or use it to produce goods, like concrete. Many of these technologies are ready for wider demonstration or deployment. But, the industry overall is in its infancy and faces multiple challenges, including high...

Cybersecurity Workforce: Actions Needed to Improve Cybercorps Scholarship for Service Program

GAO-22-105187
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The CyberCorps Scholarship for Service Program—managed by the National Science Foundation, Office of Personnel Management, and Department of Homeland Security—requires recipients to work in government jobs for a period of time after graduation. We found: NSF and OPM fully complied with 13 legal requirements for managing the program and partially complied with 6 NSF hasn't implemented a strategy to effectively manage risks and challenges, such...

Customs and Border Protection: Innovation Team Has Opportunities to Mature Operations and Improve Performance

GAO-22-105984
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In 2018, Customs and Border Protection created a team to test and deliver innovative technologies, such as surveillance drones. These technologies could significantly alter how Border Patrol agents, and others, conduct their work. However, this team could improve its processes. For example, the team collaborates with agents around the country to pilot and get feedback on new technologies. But CBP guidance does not define roles...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for U.S. Army Corps of Engineers

GAO-22-105919
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As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' FY22 appropriations included $583.6 million for...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Environmental Protection Agency

GAO-22-105903
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As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The Environmental Protection Agency's FY22 appropriations included $859.3 million for 491 of...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Department of Commerce

GAO-22-105911
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As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The Department of Commerce's FY22 appropriations included $247.5 million for 107 of...

Small Business Administration: Recent Changes to the 8(a) Program's Financial Thresholds Need Evaluation

GAO-22-104512
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We looked at SBA's 8(a) Business Development Program, which helps socially and economically disadvantaged small businesses. We found: SBA didn't submit any of its required annual 8(a) program reports to Congress on time in 2016—2021. For example, it submitted reports for 2016 and 2017 in 2020. SBA also hasn't developed a plan to address delays for future reporting. In July 2020, SBA began allowing businesses...

Higher Education: VA Could Improve Support for Veterans Pursuing STEM Degrees

GAO-22-105326
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During the last 3 years, over 130,000 veterans used their Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits to pursue a bachelor's degree in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM). Veterans who run out of these benefits without getting a degree can apply for the Rogers STEM scholarship. But 63% of scholarship applicants were denied. Veterans Affairs doesn't collect data to understand application denial trends, including race and sex...

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Military Inspectors General: Opportunities Exist to Strengthen Processes for Administrative Investigations and Training

GAO-22-105316
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Military service Inspectors General (IG) respond to complaints (e.g., whistleblower, safety and health) from military and civilian personnel. But, for most commands, the IG must get commander approval to initiate an investigation. This may deter complainants from sharing valid concerns if they aren't reassured that the IG operates independently. Also, initial IG staff training addresses key aspects of administrative investigations. Recurring training could help to...