Reports & Testimonies

GAO’s reports and testimonies give Congress, federal agencies, and the public timely, fact-based, non-partisan information that can improve government operations and save taxpayers billions of dollars.

Jump To:

Most Recent Reports

81 - 100 of 57295 Reports

Released on

COVID Relief: SBA Could Improve Communications and Fraud Risk Monitoring for Its Arts and Entertainment Venues Grant Program

GAO-23-105199
Published: . Publicly Released: .
The Small Business Administration created a grant program to help businesses in the arts and entertainment industries, which were hit hard by the COVID-19 pandemic. We found that: SBA approved awards for 73% of businesses that applied Over 90% of the awards went to businesses with 50 or fewer employees But, many applicants noted program problems—from frequently changing guidance to hard-to-access customer service. In addition...

Released on

Federal Real Property: GSA Should Leverage Lessons Learned from New Sale and Transfer Process

GAO-23-104815
Published: . Publicly Released: .
Managing federal real property—e.g., buildings—is a longstanding challenge that's on our High Risk list. A 2016 law set up a three-round process to select and prepare unneeded federal properties for sale. Proceeds from prior rounds of sales go into a fund to help pay upfront costs for the next round. Participating agencies said they faced setbacks. Delays in selling first-round properties reduced the amount of...

Released on

Senate Stationery Room Revolving Fund: Procedures Related to FY 2020 Receipts and Disbursements

GAO-23-105232
Published: . Publicly Released: .
The Senate Stationery Room purchases stationery supplies for the Senate. As part of our role in helping Congress oversee its own funds, we performed certain procedures that were requested on behalf of the Secretary of the Senate. We compared a sample of the Stationery Room's FY 2020 receipts and purchases to deposits, invoices, and other accounting records. Our report provides the results of performing each...

Diversidad en la fuerza laboral: Los trabajadores hispanos están infrarrepresentados en los medios de comunicación y se necesitan más datos para aplicar la normativa federal

GAO-22-105886
Published: . Publicly Released: .
To see the version of this page in English, see GAO-22-104669. También, la transcripción del episodio de podcast relacionado incluye versiones en inglés y español. A pesar de que muchas empresas de medios de comunicación ahora reconocen la importancia de la diversidad en pantalla e impresa, los trabajadores hispanos están infrarrepresentados en la fuerza laboral de los medios de comunicación de 2010 a 2019. La...

Workforce Diversity: Hispanic Workers Are Underrepresented in the Media, and More Data Are Needed for Federal Enforcement Efforts

GAO-22-104669
Published: . Publicly Released: .
Para la versión de esta página en español, ver a GAO-22-105886. También, la transcripción del episodio de podcast relacionado incluye versiones en inglés y español. While many media companies now recognize the importance of diversity on screen and in print, Hispanic workers were underrepresented in the media workforce from 2010-19. The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission and the Federal Communications Commission share responsibility for protecting media...

Special Operations Forces: Better Data Necessary to Improve Oversight and Address Command and Control Challenges

GAO-23-105163
Published: . Publicly Released: .
Over the last 20 years, DOD has increasingly deployed its Special Operations Forces around the world to address the nation's most complex and sensitive security challenges. The number of personnel that perform this work has increased—from 45,700 in FY 2001 to 73,900 in FY 2021. DOD collects and uses data to oversee these forces while they are deployed. But the data itself has problems. For...

Released on

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Small Business Administration

GAO-23-105907
Published: . Publicly Released: .
As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The Small Business Administration's FY22 appropriations included $83 million for 128 of...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Department of Justice

GAO-23-105893
Published: . Publicly Released: .
As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The Department of Justice's FY22 appropriations included $296.5 million for 368 of...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Department of Housing and Urban Development

GAO-23-105902
Published: . Publicly Released: .
As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. Department of Housing and Urban Development's FY22 appropriations included $1.5 billion for...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Department of Health and Human Services

GAO-23-105897
Published: . Publicly Released: .
As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The Department of Health and Human Services' FY22 appropriations included $1.3 billion...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for Department of Defense

GAO-23-105914
Published: . Publicly Released: .
As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The Department of Defense's FY22 appropriations included $1.29 billion for 87 of...

Tracking the Funds: Specific Fiscal Year 2022 Provisions for U.S. Department of Agriculture

GAO-23-105913
Published: . Publicly Released: .
As part of FY22 appropriations, Members of Congress could request to designate a certain amount of federal funding for specific projects in their communities. While agencies often have discretion over how they award funds, Congress has directed them to distribute these funds to designated recipients. We're tracking the funds to help ensure transparency. The U.S. Department of Agriculture's FY22 appropriations designated $405.2 million for 287...

Ransomware: Federal Agencies Provide Useful Assistance but Can Improve Collaboration

GAO-22-104767
Published: . Publicly Released: .
Ransomware is a malicious software that encrypts files and leaves data and systems unusable. With ransomware attacks, hackers gain entry into a system, lock out users, and demand payment to regain access. Homeland Security, FBI, and Secret Service help state, local, and other governments prevent or respond to ransomware attacks on systems like emergency services. Most government entities said they're satisfied with the agencies' prevention...

Released on

Small Business Administration: Recent Changes to the 8(a) Program's Financial Thresholds Need Evaluation

GAO-22-104512
Published: . Publicly Released: .
We looked at SBA's 8(a) Business Development Program, which helps socially and economically disadvantaged small businesses. We found: SBA didn't submit any of its required annual 8(a) program reports to Congress on time in 2016—2021. For example, it submitted reports for 2016 and 2017 in 2020. SBA also hasn't developed a plan to address delays for future reporting. In July 2020, SBA began allowing businesses...

Higher Education: VA Could Improve Support for Veterans Pursuing STEM Degrees

GAO-22-105326
Published: . Publicly Released: .
During the last 3 years, over 130,000 veterans used their Post-9/11 GI Bill benefits to pursue a bachelor's degree in science, technology, engineering, or mathematics (STEM). Veterans who run out of these benefits without getting a degree can apply for the Rogers STEM scholarship. But 63% of scholarship applicants were denied. Veterans Affairs doesn't collect data to understand application denial trends, including race and sex...

Technology Business Management: OMB and GSA Need to Strengthen Efforts to Lead Federal Adoption

GAO-22-104393
Published: . Publicly Released: .
In 2017, the government began implementing the Technology Business Management framework to help federal agencies better manage their IT resources. This framework includes a standard set of categories that agencies are required to use in their annual IT budget requests. These categories group related IT expenses together, which could provide greater insight into the costs and values of IT resources. It could also enable government-wide...

Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Benefits and Challenges of Machine Learning Technologies for Medical Diagnostics

GAO-22-104629
Published: . Publicly Released: .
Each year, medical diagnosis errors affect the health of millions of Americans and cost billions of dollars. Machine learning technologies can help identify hidden or complex patterns in diagnostic data to detect diseases earlier and improve treatments. We identified such technologies in use and development, including some that improve their own accuracy by learning from new data. But developing and adopting these technologies has challenges...

VA Acquisition Management: Actions Needed to Better Manage the Acquisition Workforce

GAO-22-105031
Published: . Publicly Released: .
VA spends billions of dollars each year to acquire goods and services that support its mission. VA's acquisition management is on GAO's High Risk list in part due to issues in managing its acquisition workforce. In our survey of VA's acquisition workforce, employees raised concerns about performance expectations and other issues. We found that VA leadership doesn't have complete data on its acquisition workforce—like its...

Large Constellations of Satellites: Mitigating Environmental and Other Effects

GAO-22-105166
Published: . Publicly Released: .
For decades, satellites have been used for GPS, communications, and remote sensing. The number of satellites has recently increased, as thousands more have been launched to provide internet access. But this increase may be disruptive. For example, it could lead to more space debris, which can damage existing satellites used for commerce or national security. We reviewed technologies and other tools to lessen potential effects...